Globally diminishing fossil fuel resources and government regulations in terms of end of life recyclability is driving research and development of plastics and composites developed from renewable natural resources. Such renewable biomaterials include bio-plastics (poly lactic acid, soy polyol), bio-fibers (Hemp, Flex, Sisal), bio-fillers (Corn hull), and biocomposites (biopolymers or petroleum based polymers combined with bio-fibers or glass or carbon fibers). This talk provides an overview of present applications of biomaterials in automotive industry in the global scenario, both in terms of OEM and supplier activities. Advantages of state of the art biomaterials over traditional petroleum plastics and their composites, and future research challenges are critically evaluated. Finally, opportunity for India becoming a global leader in development and manufacturing of automotive biomaterials, given its existing natural resources and biomaterials based housing and other cottage industries, is discussed.